The lost village of Cugnano (Fig.1) is not easy to find, it’s located between Massa Marittima and Monterotondo Marittimo (Fig.2). Cugnano, like several deserted medieval villages in these hills, lies at the end of a track far from anywhere today. Here the project proposes to focus on enlarging the limited excavations of the village, where exceptional evidence of mining has been identified betweenthe 8th and 15th centuries.
Given the limited information on the archaeology of Medieval metal extraction in Europe, particular emphasis will be given to identifying mining and ore processing at Cugnano and nearby settlements (Montieri, Rocchette etc.) as these evolved over time. A critical aspect of the research will be devoted to identifying these mines as the source of metals for regional mints. Presently, this rare opportunity to analyze early Medieval mining and its management should throw new light on questions about coin production and circulation. Lead isotope analyzes will be used to compare ore deposits in the Colline Metallifere with Tuscan silver coins minted between the 9th and 12th centuries.