A new archaeological campaign at Vetricella

A new archaeological campaign is scheduled to begin also this year at the site of Vetricella (Scarlino, GR), funded by the European ERC nEU-Med project and sponsored by the Municipality of Scarlino (Fig1). The excavation activities will be conducted by the nEU-Med Team in collaboration with some students of the Department of History and Cultural Heritage (University of Siena) and will focus on in-depth interventions of two distinct portions of sector 3. The aim of the investigation is to gather… Continue reading

Results of the third excavation campaign at Vetricella

The third archaeological excavation campaign on Vetricella site focused on the researches of a better understanding of the main historical dynamics of the site. In particular, with respect to an in-depth analysis of specific stratigraphic contexts, it dealt with the reconstruction of a stratigraphic sequence anchored, as much as possible, to accurate references of absolute chronology. The research strategies pursued the chronological and functional definition of the first frequentation of the site, investigating on the II-III sectors in the areas… Continue reading

First data for framing the chronological deposit of the ditches at Vetricella

Following the previous exploratory investigations on the nature of the ditches at Vetricella we can now present, thanks to the new C14 data, a first chronological setting for the formation and life of the site’s defensive system. C14 analyses were conducted on two samples of organic matter (charcoal and wood) sampled from the intermediate ditch in the north (Fig.1) and western trenches; both samples were collected in correspondence with an accumulation of silty material (indicating the presence of water).  … Continue reading

Numismatic survey update and archaeometric technique integration

The bibliographic survey of the numismatic finds from Tuscany within the ERC nEU-Med project, related to the period between the 7th and mid-14th century, aimed at the creation of a finds database (and their relative context), has almost reached completion. At the same time, the insertion of unpublished numismatic material found at the sites investigated by the Department of History and Cultural Heritage from the sites of Miranduolo, Campiglia M.ma, Canonica di S. Niccolò, Castel di Pietra, Cugnano, Donoratico, Montemassi,… Continue reading

anthropological investigations at the site of Vetricella

During the third excavation campaign at Vetricella, between September and October 2018, a targeted anthropological investigation was carried out under the supervision of anthropologists in order to understand the real extension of the cemetery area and expand the currently analysed anthropological sample (Fig.1). Twenty-one burials were found, eight of which refer to adult individuals and thirteen to sub-adults. As already observed in the study of burials found in previous campaigns, the number of sub-adults is significantly higher than that of… Continue reading

Woodland use in the Early Middle Ages in Tyrrenian southern Tuscany

The archaeo-anthracological analyses carried out in nEU-Med project laboratory in collaboration with Laboratorio di Storia della Vegetazione e Anatomia del Legno (Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Università di Napoli Federico II) have been completed and involved a sample of over 4000 charcoals from the archaeological site of Vetricella. The data acquired allow us to rewrite the history of vegetation and woodland use in the southern Tuscany between 8th and 13th centuries. The areas now occupied by Mediterranean evergreen vegetation (Fig.) were… Continue reading

Historical aerial photography and digital photogrammetry

The historical aerial photographs, especially those which date back earlier than the 1950’s, are an excellent source for reconstructing the evolution of the landscapes and discovering their archaeological potential. Even though in northern Maremma the first hydarulic reclamations, which took place by drying up or backfilling, began at the end of the 18th century, it was the agrarian reform of 1950 that caused the most radical changes to the landscape. The policy of land reclamation led to the shattering of… Continue reading